When academic writing is involved, copyright is not only about protecting one's work, it is also critical to establishing a contribution to further scholarly research. Learning the nuances of copyright law, understanding the relationship between copyright and fair use, and using copyright to advance scholarly opportunities is of utmost value to anyone writing a doctoral dissertation.
Information about copyright is readily available, but in the midst of the dissertation whirlwind, it can quickly become a costly afterthought. After all, the "copyright battles" we typically hear about almost always involve popular design, art, music or film. We do not turn on CourtTV and find a grad student on trial for including protected materials in their dissertation without being granted the proper permission.
Kenneth D. Crews, J.D., Ph.D. touches on this in his manual, "Copyright and Your Dissertation or Thesis: Ownership, Fair Use, and Your Rights and Responsibilities." He points out, "few copyright matters in higher education rise to that level." It can still happen, although it is not the norm.
However, Crews contends that when it comes to research and copyright, there are two basic concepts that are of importance: "respecting copyright...and the process of creating and sharing research," and, "advance planning and strategic choices." Upholding the integrity of research and using a bit of planning to avoid pitfalls are two integral components of copyright.
So, read up on copyright law, understand fair use, and avoid headaches by registering things properly -- got it. It seems pretty clear cut -- until it gets murky. For instance, if an American graduate student has been doing research, and writing a dissertation in China and Japan for two years, and wants to publish the work in the United States, exactly what copyright laws should he/she follow?
Scholarly work and research cross international borders regularly in this digital age. Thus, it has become necessary to understand the ramifications of the Berne Convention, and copyright law exceptions in different countries.
Those in the throes of their dissertation need not worry; not only is copyright information readily available, but it's available from the same folks that have published over 3 million graduate works from graduate schools around the world since 1938.
ProQuest Dissertation and These snow has two links that guide researchers through the intricacies of copyright law.
The aforementioned "Copyright and Your Dissertation or Thesis: Ownership, Fair Use, and Your Rights and Responsibilities," is a manual designed to, "help readers learn and understand copyright issues relevant to doctoral dissertations."
In addition, "Copyright Laws Around the World," provides a summary of international copyright laws, including laws pertaining to the Berne Convention, as well as notable copyright exceptions in various countries.
Addressing copyright issues not only protects the work, but it upholds the integrity of research, and it ensures that the publication can be a significant contribution to the scholarly community. A simple understanding of copyright can empower the author and solidify the worth of their dissertation.
At ProQuest, we are committed to supporting authors by providing broad access to vital work that builds reputations, extends impact, and advances research. Each dissertation and thesis we have published is listed in our ProQuest Dissertations & Theses (PQDT) Global database, through which academic researchers around the world can gain access to your published graduate work.
For more information, visit www.proquest.com/go/dissertations
With Hanukkah and Thanksgiving just a few days away, many of us will soon be giving thanks for all sorts of wonderful gifts in our lives -- like family, friends, and of course, food. One thing that ProQuest is thankful for is the opportunity to present awards to deserving researchers and librarians that have made a positive impact on the academic landscape. Let's take a look at a couple recent recipients of ProQuest awards:
- Seyram Avle is a PhD Candidate in Communications at the University of Michigan. She was recently the winner of the ProQuest Dissertation Writing Award. Learn more about her work here.
- Dr. Suzie Allard at the University of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK) was awarded the 2013 Library Journal Teaching Award, cosponsored by ProQuest. This award annually recognizes "one outstanding educator who excels at educating the next generation of librarians." You can read more about Suzie, and the award here.
Congrats to Seyram and Suzie, keep up the great work!
It's never too early to start considering your next step in life, and for many undergraduate students this means thinking about grad school. What would I study? Where would I go? Can I afford it?! Do I even want to go to grad school? There is a lot to think about, and it can be overwhelming. Below is a list of links specifically for potential grad students. These are some helpful (and fun) articles that offer valuable advice, and manage to take the edge off of the grad school decision. Let's take a look:
- Do you know why you want to go to grad school? The first thing you need to decide is if grad school is right for you. It's better to figure it out now, rather then a year down the road when you most likely will have acquired some debt. Parade Magazine has a nice list of "Five Bad Reasons to go to Grad School."
- Then again, according to this Huffington Post article, maybe you just need to listen to the universe -- it may very well be telling you that grad school is your chosen path.
- Money is always an issue. The Next Scientist blog takes a look at how you can earn a second income while in grad school.
- Aside from a second income, you are also going to want to save some money to pay for grad school. US News has some advice on how you can start saving for grad school.
- It's important to have a healthy work-life balance, and take advantage of the opportunity to network, and make friends in grad school. Business Insider compiled a list of the top 20 grad schools for a good social life. Check out the list to see what school might be a good fit for your personality.
by Jennifer Lacey
Studying abroad can be an exciting and rewarding experience. However it can also be a daunting one. We've put together a list of dos and don'ts for studying in the US.
Don't be put off
Studying abroad can be a daunting prospect. After the initial excitement wears off, it can seem overwhelming. The application process for courses in the US such as GMAT, MBA and other conversion courses may be long and tiring, but these will be some of the best years of your life, so don't be put off by the hard work.
Do make friends
It might sound obvious, but make as many friends as you can. A foreign country can be a lonely place, but surround yourself with friends and it'll be the greatest time of your life.
Don't forget about visas
If you come from the EU, borders might seem like nothing more than lines on a map. Due to the freedom of movement, you don't need to worry about visas and in many cases you don't even need a passport. But America is entirely different. Make sure you read up on the visa process well in advance.
Do put together a killer application
There are many things to think about when you want to study in the US, but make sure you put together the best application you possibly can. Don't overlook the importance of the entrance exam. There are entrance exams for pretty much every type of degree, and these scores are vital to the process.
Do try the local cuisine
When you think of fine cuisine, Italy and France might be the first countries that spring to mind. But the US is a rich and diverse country when it comes to food. From the humble hot dog of New York to the killer Cajun food of Louisiana, every state has its own identity, and every single one is worth trying.
Do try out new sports
As tempting as it may be to politely inform your new American friends that real football is played with the feet and is a far superior sport, don't be that guy. Sport is a huge part of American culture and it's not something to be missed.
Don't forget about the degree
Studying abroad is an experience in itself, but make sure you come out of it with a great degree. Every student faces a challenge trying to balance their work with their social life, but if you get this wrong you can seriously hamper your future career prospects, so don't skip the library!
If someone had told me that one day I would write a nearly 200 page doctoral thesis (as well as several scientific publications ), I would have thought they were joking. Writing was not my forte in college. Where do I begin? What should I write about? I always admired writers, and it perhaps for that reason that I decided to become an author myself and to help others develop good writing habits. Here are some of the most useful tips that have helped me as well as thousands of others to stay focused and produce high quality manuscripts:
1. Write to think
Whenever I am not sure what to write about, I begin to write about anything that comes to mind. Ideas are born with writing and you will be amazed how many ideas you can come up with even during just 10 minutes of writing.
2. Build your paper from the inside out
Many scientific articles have very detailed discussion section with a long list of references to support their arguments. However, do not start your writing by trying to summarize a large number of articles. Instead, begin with your thesis statement ("The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that ..."). Build your arguments up gradually, by adding references and new ideas every day.
3. Write daily
This is probably the most important tip, and the core of all writing programs. It takes a lot of concentrated effort to put together a high quality research paper. It is unrealistic to expect yourself to pull such a complex document together in a short time. A much better approach (for your paper and your health) is to write at least a little bit every day. Near the deadline you might need to work long hours- so it is even more important to get as much as possible done before the due date.
4. Keep distractions to a minimum
There are two kinds of distractions: internal and external. They can be both tough to get rid of, but for many students quieting their internal voices is even more challenging than putting children to sleep. Everyone's mind wanders, and it is unrealistic to expect yourself to focus 100% on your thesis 100% of the time. I always keep a pad of paper next to me when I write and when any to-do's pop into my head I write them down. Once I finish my writing time I attend to them, but frequently they do not even seem urgent by then.
5. Get clear on the expectations from your supervisor.
Whether or not your supervisor gives you guidance, he or she needs to sign your thesis. Before taking a "sabbatical" to write a paper or thesis , make sure you and your supervisor agree on what studies needs to be completed, what is the interpretation of the data and when your deadlines are (your supervisor might need extra time to revise your writing before handing it off to other professors or your thesis committee).
Dora Farkas, Ph.D.
Founder, Grad School Net, www.gradschoolnet.org
Below is a great infographic from Grad School Hub about "Choosing the Right Degree." It helps break down common things that every student should consider, and goes into detail regarding potential career paths and how they are associated with certain types of masters degrees.
Image compliments of Grad School Hub. Enjoy!
4. Sign up for job alerts
5. Cast yourself in the best light if you are unemployed.
Dora Farkas, PhD
Founder Grad School Net
Author:"The Smart Way to Your PhD:200 Secrets from 100 Graduates"
by Judith Phillips
Attempting multiple choice questions may seem easy enough. After all, you select a correct response from an array of choices. However, most test takers for teacher certification, nurse licensure or graduate school admissions dread the questions that require a structured response.
Many candidates, despite knowing the answer, are unable to present it in a convincing and organized manner. Unfortunately, structured responses are a part of all most professional level exams for adults. However, with the help of the "PKS Framework," any test taker can master the art of writing structured responses.
Electronic score reports from test developers like the Educational Testing Service (ETS) show candidates a chart of their performance indicators. This chart is crucial for test takers, as it shows them the areas needing improvement. While "stars" help to indicate the candidate's performance on the Multiple Choice Questions, letters such as "P", "K" and "S" explain the quality of the structured responses...
...Let me explain this more clearly below.
The PKS Framework
Not surprisingly, the PKS Framework originates from the examiners' remarks on the score report. Each of these enigmatic letters holds the secret of scoring well on structured essay responses on the exam. You will first need to know your teachers' test prep material thoroughly before you can master the PKS Framework by using any of the free practice tests and study guides that are easily available online.
Once you are well-versed in the subject matter requirements and have gone through your review material, it is time to practice writing structured responses for essay-based questions. A good answer in this kind of response would include three levels, as described below. Your answer must encompass all the three levels in order to be qualified as a good response. Here are the three levels of responses, denoted by the letters "P", "K" and "S":
1. "P" is for Purpose.
You must understand the rationale behind the question, that is, what is the question asking for? This is the purpose of the question. In addition to recognizing the purpose of the question, your response must be written in the form that reflects this understanding. Examiners give credit to responses that show a clear understanding of the question.
2. "K" is for Knowledge.
You must make use of accurate knowledge and technical terminology in the course of your response to show that you have acquired the required information on the topic. During practice, it would help if you can do further research on a topic that you find in your practice material. Checking online sources such as Wikipedia and Encarta Encyclopedia for basic knowledge is sufficient for this level.
3. "S" is for Support.
At this level in the response, the examiner expects you to support your arguments with rational reasoning based on accurate facts, theories or historical events. Each claim you make must be backed up with relevant facts. You can justify your stance on a topic by stating verified examples from credible authority sources.
Apply The PKS Framework For A Test Score Breakthrough
Keep the PKS Framework in mind as you go through your exam practice. Using this framework will give organization and clarity to your response, help improve your score and chances of passing your exam. Start today by answering some sample constructed response questions using this powerful and proven framework.
Judith Phillips is test coach and contributor to Test Score Breakthrough. She's a teacher who's passionate about test prep, developing new test practice methods and helping test takers succeed in NCLEX review, Praxis study, TExES practice and other nursing and teacher certification exams
by Michael Cahill
Graduate school is quickly becoming a prerequisite for the workplace, with the advanced degree serving as the standard requirement for job candidates across the spectrum of careers, from construction management to education.
Years ago, advanced degrees were reserved for specific professions such as accounting, college teaching, and medicine.
But the change in expectation in the past thirty years has also meant a change in the needs of millions of Americans, many of which are without adequate healthcare.
The major provisions of the Affordable Care Act take effect in January 2014, and graduate students across the country are wondering how they can benefit from the reforms.
If you're on track to finishing a master's or a Ph.d, chances are you've made some considerable sacrifices already. The last thing you want to have to worry about is healthcare, which is all the more reason to know your options before the ACA's new plans become available in October.
With that thought in mind, let's go through some of your options in detail.
The 26-Rule: A Good Choice For Young Grad Students
In 2010, the Affordable Care Act made history by implementing a piece of legislation that allows individuals to obtain parental insurance coverage until age 26, regardless of pre-existing conditions.
If you are a young graduate student fresh out of college, this option is worth looking into.
Student Health Plans
Most full-time, on campus graduate programs offer some form of healthcare to students.
That being said, many grad students are well aware that these plans can sometimes be particularly inadequate when it comes to coverage.
Don't worry, however, if you're currently enrolled in a student health plan, you won't lose your plan as a result of the new reforms. In fact, your quality of care will improve as a result of the ACA.
Traditionally speaking, Student Health Plans are quick to deny services on the basis of pre-existing conditions such as chronic illnesses. They are also notorious for denying commonplace procedures such as physical exams and flu shots.
Thankfully, Student Health Plans are required to comply with provisions of the ACA that include no discrimination or denial of coverage based on pre-existing conditions, as well as a long list of mandated health services, ranging from emergency care to pediatrics.
If a student health plan isn't an option for you, catastrophic insurance might be the way to go.
Catastrophic plans are set up to protect you from an extremely high medical expense, such as major surgery. These plans come with low monthly payments, but consumers run the risk of paying higher out-of-pocket costs for routine medical services, like check-ups.
If you are healthy, are in a low-risk profession, and you don't require much in terms of continued medical care, this option might work well for you.
The new reforms will widen the scope of services as well, since catastrophic plans will have to comply with all requirements under the ACA, such as guaranteed issue and renewal, mandated health services, and the provisions barring discrimination based on pre-existing conditions.
Medicaid: There's No Shame
There's no shame in Medicaid. The government sponsored healthcare program provides insurance to millions of Americans who can't afford it.
Many grad students find it difficult to hold down a decent job while in school, which often translates to no healthcare. And even if you're working two jobs and going to school, you might still be eligible to get the care you need, without cutting into your already slim budget.
If you make up to 100% of the Federal Poverty Line in a year, you may qualify for Medicaid.
But that can't be the only requirement, right?
Although eligibility criteria differ from state to state, the ACA has created an optional expansion to Medicaid. The expansion increases the maximum income level to 138% above the FPL, and widens applicant eligibility to include single childless adults, for the first time in U.S. History.
Subsidies: Tax Breaks That Could Help
If your income falls between 100 and 400% above the Federal Poverty Line and you're younger than 65, you might be able to get a break on the cost of an individual healthcare plan.
The ACA offers tax credits to individuals who meet the above requirements, and these credits can act as a considerable financial buffer for those who need it.
Grad students know just how difficult it is to maintain a consistent budget while working towards an advanced degree, and if you have an opportunity to save, why not take advantage of it?
This handy subsidy calculator from the Kaiser Family Foundation can even tell you how much money you're entitled to, when the insurance marketplaces open in October.
Michael Cahill is the Editor of the VistaHealth Solutions Blog. He writes about the healthcare system, health insurance industry and the Affordable Care Act. Follow him on Twitter at @VistaHealth and @VistaHealthMike